Myth: The organ donor symbol on the back of a driver’s license is sufficient documentation for body donation.
Fact: Organ donation is vastly different than body donation. They are completely separate programs with entirely different consenting processes.
Myth: Age and infirmity are disqualifications for many types of donations.
Fact: There is medical research going on for every illness and condition imaginable, and donors are needed to help advance this research and medical education for every situation. For example, even an elderly donor’s poor vision isn’t a disqualifier, as the vision may be corrected for a cornea donation.
Myth: Organ and body donation is a common option at the time of death.
Fact: Unfortunately, the circumstances in which people pass away prohibit the vast majority of people from donating organs for transplantation. Individuals who pass away at home or in a long-term or short-term care facility are not eligible for live organ donation. However, they may qualify for secondary donation, which includes corneas, whole eyes, skin, and bones. Tertiary donation arrangements such as whole body donation is an alternative for individuals who are unable to donate for transplant purposes yet still wish to contribute to research and education.
Myth: Cause of death is determined during the body donation process.
Fact: Typically, the cause of death is determined by the attending physician or the donor’s primary care physician, who then documents it on the death certificate. Whole body donation programs do not perform autopsies on donors. An autopsy is typically only performed when no witnesses are present at the time of death, if foul play is suspected, or if the family requests and pays for one. Autopsied individuals typically are not eligible for whole body donation.
Myth: Only the organs from a donated body will ultimately be used by researchers.
Fact: Whole body donation programs exist to assist institutions and organizations that rely on specimens, either in whole or part, to conduct research and training. Educational institutions use bodies for anatomy classes, and organizations developing medical devices and/or less invasive surgical procedures will often utilize whole body specimens. Other organizations may utilize certain sections of a body that corresponds to their area of specialization (orthopedics, cardiology, trauma procedures, etc.).
Myth: Once all paperwork is completed, a donor is automatically accepted.
Fact: Even donors who seem like excellent candidates at the time of a whole body donation program’s pre-screening may not be eligible upon death. Furthermore, even after the point of acceptance, donors are occasionally declined. For example, inclement weather or unavoidable delays may prevent transportation or the next of kin may become unreachable. Many smaller donation programs and university programs may decline a donor due to lack of storage space and need.
Myth: Donors that are sick or have a disease do not qualify for whole body donation.
Fact: Researchers and educators often need donors with certain diseases and conditions. Most disease processes, including cancer, are acceptable, and there typically is no age limit. Depending on the program, a few diseases may result in a decline, including HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B or C. Other possible health-related reasons for a particular program’s decline include a history of illegal drug use and being severely over- or underweight.
Myth: An individual must pre-register far in advance to be accepted for body donation at the time of death.
Fact: Some programs will accept body donations after death, even if the individual was not registered at the time of passing. Many individuals make this decision for their loved one who is close to passing or has just passed away.
Myth: Individuals with tattoos and/or pacemakers do not qualify for whole body donation.
Fact: Individuals with tattoos, piercings, pacemakers, prosthetics, and other physical alterations CAN donate.
Myth: There are hidden costs.
Fact: Some whole body donation programs offer services that result in no costs to donors or their families. These programs cover all expenses related to the donation process. Although programs vary in what no-cost includes, services such as transportation, cremation, a copy of a death certificate, and the return of cremated remains to the family is typical. Optional expenses unrelated to donation such as memorial services, obituaries, interment, or floral arrangements are typically not included.
Myth: Programs will pay me now for body donation later.
Fact: It’s unlawful to provide monetary incentives for an individual’s body donation prior to and after death in certain states.
Myth: When cremains (ashes) are received, they include ashes from multiple people or ashes of another person.
Fact: It’s unlawful to cremate more than one individual at a time and licensed crematories are very closely audited and overseen by legislation. Reputable whole body donation programs conduct multiple security identification measures that ensure families are receiving the cremains of their loved ones.
Organ Donation Resources
Nationally, donation resources include:
American Association of Tissue Banks
American Society of Transplant Surgeons
Association of Organ Procurement Organizations
BioGift body donation
Children’s Organ Transplant Association
Donate Life America
Donate Life Georgia – an options educator connecting to donation users
Eye Bank Association of America
Humanity Gifts Register – for donating to Pennsylvania medical schools
Life Legacy Foundation
Life Link Foundation
MedCure a National Organ and Body Donation Resource
National Donor Family Council
National Living Donor Assistance Center
National Kidney Foundation
North American Transplant Coordinators Organization
Eye Bank Association of America
Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients
The Gift of a Lifetime
The Heather Trew Foundation
The National Transplant Assistance Fund
The Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network
Transplant Recipients International Organization
Transweb – University of Michigan Transplant Center
United Network for Organ Sharing
US Government on organ and tissue donation